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November-December 2015

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Belvidere Mountain Asbestos Quarries, Lowell/Eden, Vermont

Belvidere Mountain, in northern Vermont, is known to generations of mineralogists and mineral collectors. The asbestos mines yielded some of the most spectacular crystals of grossular, vesuvianite, and epidote ever found in the United States. Geologists are intrigued by the area because of its ultramafic rocks belonging to the northern Appalachian ophiolite belt, the variety of associated metamorphic rocks, and the region's structural and metamorphic history. Engineers and industrial archaeologists have studied the commercial asbestos mines that were operated at several locations on and around the mountain between 1899 and 1993.

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